Search results for: immigration

German American workers from the buff room

Late 19th-Century Immigration in Connecticut

…tighten immigration restrictions to stop the “pollution of the natives.” Despite these challenges, immigration to Connecticut exploded in the latter part of the 19th century. While immigrants made up roughly…


Early 20th-Century Immigration in Connecticut

…of recent immigration slowly began to dry up. The economic turmoil and “Red Scare” that came in the wake of peace in Europe turned popular sentiment against liberal immigration policies….


Early 19th-Century Immigration in Connecticut

…the early decades of the 19th century, immigration to Connecticut, and the country as a whole, proved relatively modest thanks in part to British regulations meant to curb emigration of…


Mayor's Council Armenian Group, Hartford, 1920


A mixture of agriculture and heavy industry in Connecticut has routinely provided employment opportunities for immigrants throughout the state’s history. Waves of primarily northern European immigrants arrived on Connecticut shores…


Poli's Palace Theatre, Waterbury

Sylvester Poli, Negotiating Cultural Politics in an Age of Immigration

By Rafaele Fierro On a beautiful late-August night in 1910, a crowd gathered at 10 Howe Street in New Haven to celebrate. Mayor Frank Rice and his wife were in…


Capital Community College Students Explore Hartford’s Immigrant History…In Their Own Words

… to present to you excerpts of some of the final projects, as well as student observations on immigration, their families, school, and growing up in and around Hartford…In their…


Hoffman Wall Paper Company in Hartford

Tradition and Transformation Define Hartford’s Jewish Community

…at about 50,000, with about 1,500 of these Jews. But, this would soon change. The Second Wave of Jewish Immigration The assassination of Russian Tsar Alexander II in 1881 inaugurated…


Mayor's Council Armenian Group, Hartford, 1920

Building an Armenian Community in New Britain

…families that they left behind. In addition to the desire for new opportunities, Armenian immigration was also a product of discrimination and violence in their homelands. At the turn of…


Man sitting on a donkey in front of a fence

Yukitaka Osaki and Gillette Castle: One of Hadlyme’s First Japanese Immigrants

…famous cherry trees that now surround the Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C. Despite Japan and the United States’ increasingly hostile relationship during the early 20th century—including the Immigration Act of…


Laboring in the Shade

…returned home to serve in their own military. New immigration was hampered by the restrictive immigration laws of the era. In an attempt to find labor, the Connecticut Tobacco Company…


Chinese Educational Mission: the college, Hartford

Yung Wing, the Chinese Educational Mission, and Transnational Connecticut

immigration which were pressed for immediate enactment. Although drastically and even tragically affected by these events (Yung’s wife Mary, for example, died a few years later, her illness caused at…


Artwork of a ship close to shore with people in rowboats. There is a large flag protruding from the mast of the ship. There is text at the bottom of the image.

Connecticut’s French Connections

…its history. From 17th-century Huguenots seeking religious freedom to French Canadian mill workers looking for jobs to immigration in its more modern forms, Connecticut has always been a place shaped,…


Large room with many people sitting in rows facing a man speaking at a podium

Connecticut and the Armenian Genocide

…Law School to become an immigration lawyer. Connecticut’s Aid to Victims Near East Relief coordinated Connecticut’s efforts to aid victims of the genocide; its state headquarters were located in the…


Portrait of Dr. Charles Johnson

Hartford’s Great Migration through Charles S. Johnson’s Eyes

…declaration of World War I brought more hope for African American migrants. There was an increase in job openings as immigration was banned—and as a number of the immigrant residents…


Somoff Cottage

A Russian Village Retreat in Southbury

…professions. Despite these changes, however, the unique blend of American and Russian architecture found in Churaevka, along with the important part the village played in defining early 20th-century Russian immigration,…


The Caribbean American Society float in the West Indian Parade

West Indians in Hartford

…significant wave of immigration to the United States from the West Indies began in the 1940s, spurred by labor shortages during World War II. Many immigrants were drawn to the…


Yung Wing

Avon’s Educational and Cultural Pioneer

…economic uncertainties and rising anti-Chinese sentiment, the 1882 law halted Chinese immigration and prohibited Chinese individuals from becoming US citizens.) An enthusiastic supporter of reform in China, Yung Wing found…


An Orderly & Decent Government: Searching for the Common Good, 1888-1905

…overhanging Hartford’s Park River, c. 1900 Stimulated by immigration and industrialization, Connecticut cities expanded rapidly. Bridgeport grew from a population of 30,000 in 1880 to a thriving metropolis of over…


Tobacco barns in Windsor, Connecticut

Windsor Tobacco: Made in the Shade

…produce and Windsor and the surrounding areas soon exhausted the supply of local help. With the onset of the immigration restrictions that accompanied World War I, local farmers resorted to…


Circus Parade, Main Street, Hartford

A Legacy of Thriving Cities 1905

The turn of the century brought a sharp rise in the importance and vitality of Connecticut’s cities. Cities were growing rapidly due to increased immigration and industrialization. For example, in…


Several people in a tobacco barn

Polish Tobacco Farmers in the Connecticut River Valley

By Nancy Finlay Towards the end of the 19th century, most of the Polish immigrants who came to Connecticut settled in cities and worked in textile mills and other industries….


Vegetable cart in Charles Street Market, Hartford

Hartford’s “Little Italy”

By Mike Messina In the early 1900s, Hartford was a booming economic center. Italy, on the other hand, suffered both economically and socially. Hundreds of thousands of Italian men looked…


Mayor's Council Armenian Group, Hartford, 1920

Welcoming Armenian Immigrants, Hartford, 1920

This naturalization ceremony in Hartford demonstrates the importance of the immigrant community in Connecticut. At the time of this photograph, the majority of immigrants were coming to Connecticut from Southern…


Joseph Hopkins Twichell: Asylum Hill’s Religious Leader and Mark Twain’s Closest Friend

…Twichell to talk freely, unrestrained by his well-drafted sermons, and inspired Twichell to subtly push Victorian social boundaries, taking up such causes as labor rights, immigration, education, and interfaith advocacy….


The Sea in their Blood: The Portuguese in New London County

By Nancy Finlay New London in the early 19th century was a bustling port city. The 1850 Federal Census lists individuals from more than 30 different countries and from virtually…


Witamy to Little Poland! – A Thriving Neighborhood in New Britain

In the late 19th century, Polish immigrants started arriving in New Britain in large numbers to begin new lives working in the city’s many factories. Consequently, by 1930, one-quarter of…


A 1908 reenactment of Thomas Hooker’s 1636 landing in Hartford

Colonial Revival Movement Sought Stability during Time of Change

…of the Colonial Revival occurred as rapid urbanization, industrialization, and immigration encouraged many Americans to seek refuge in the perceived simplicity of the past. Origins and Imagery The Connecticut Cottage…


An Orderly & Decent Government: Significant Events & Developments, 1888-1905

A Land of Immigrants Close to the ports of Boston and New York, Connecticut saw its population of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe swell in the last decades of…


An Orderly & Decent Government: A Society in Ferment, 1819-1865

Three great forces swept across Connecticut in the 19th century. The first was the emergence of industry as the driving force of the state’s economy. The second was the great…


More than two dozen veterans of the Ninth Regiment gathered for a reunion at Savin Rock in West Haven

Fighting Sons of Erin: Connecticut’s Irish Regiment in the Civil War

By Diana McCain for Your Public Media On battlefields from Virginia to Louisiana, the soldiers of Connecticut’s Ninth Regiment Volunteer Infantry marched into combat against Confederate forces under a regimental…


Plan of the City of New Haven

The Successes and Struggles of New Haven Entrepreneur William Lanson

…African population of this city.” Lanson was estimably embedded in the civic and economic life of New Haven. Expansion and Immigration Bring Rising Racial Antagonism The pace of change accelerated…


Puerto Rican Festival, Hartford

Park Street Festival, Hartford 1978

Despite the exodus to the suburbs, Connecticut’s cities still retain their vitality and diversity. The Park Street Festival is an annual Puerto Rican celebration held in the heart of Hartford‘s…


Globe Onion

The Many Layers to Onion Farming in Westport

By Gregg Mangan Westport is a quiet beachfront town along Connecticut’s southern coast known for its pristine views of Long Island Sound, its upscale shopping, and its close proximity to…


St. Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland

The Wearing of the Green: 19th-century Prints of Irish Subjects by Hartford’s Kellogg Brothers

By Nancy Finlay for Your Public Media A huge influx of Irish immigrants arrived in Connecticut during the second quarter of the 19th century, driven by political unrest and economic…


Broadside announcing changes to Mansfield's Poor-House

Connecticut Poor Law Aimed to Care for the Needy

By Gregg Mangan Connecticut instituted a Poor Law in the 17th century to comply with a directive from the British government that the colony ensure for the care of the…


Orville Platt Helps Define International Relations after the Spanish-American War

…During his time as a senator, Platt involved himself in numerous debates on foreign affairs, particularly discussions regarding tariffs, restrictions on Chinese immigration, transitional governments in the Philippines, and the…


Maria Sanchez and Alejandro La Luz, Puerto Rican spokesmen, Hartford

Maria Sánchez, State Representative and Community Advocate

A tireless supporter of Puerto Rican culture and education, Maria Colón Sánchez became a leading community organizer in Hartford and was known as la madrina (the godmother) of the capital…


Brass City/Grass Roots: The Pierponts of East Farms

…and milk trucks plied the dense inner-city neighborhoods where first the Irish factory workers lived, then the Eastern and Southern Europeans of the later immigration stream. In fact, Enos Pierpont,…


Triangle Shirtwaist Fire: Connecticut Lessons from a Tragedy

Sol Bidek’s family lived in a tenement on Market Street in Hartford. They waited several days for word from New York. Finally, they got the news: their sister was safe….


Trolley Campaigners Storm Small Towns and Votes for Women is the Battle Cry

…collectively contained 78 of the state’s 168 municipalities and 75 percent of the general population, which had grown exponentially with surges in immigration. By attracting large, broad audiences from the…


Liberty Bond Day, Groton Iron Works, Noank

World War I

…brass to Bridgeport’s Remington Arms, which produced 50 percent of the US Army’s small arms cartridges, the industrial ramp up—and curtailed immigration from Europe—produced labor shortages. African Americans migrating from…


The Long, Ambiguous History of Connecticut’s Blue Laws

…during the 19th century. Against a backdrop of social and ethnic change (largely brought about by periods of increased immigration), religious reformers sought to impose stricter moral and social codes…


Gravestones, Old Burying Ground, Hartford


…history, too: from Baptists and Shakers in the 1700s to African Americans and, in the immigration waves of the 1800s, Jews, Catholics, and others. Such groups founded some of the…


City of Hartford, Connecticut

Bird’s-eye Views Offer Idealized Portraits of Progress

…and massive population growth fueled by immigration. Even small communities that retained much of their village character boasted of their few factories and commercial enterprises. This civic pride found its…


Large white sail boat with three masts next to a dock. It is labeled "US Coast Guard" on the side.

Maritime History: The Founding of the United States Coast Guard Academy

By Natalie Curtis Though neighboring states such as Massachusetts may be better known for their historic ties to overseas trade and immigration, Connecticut has certainly made its own contributions to…


Connecticut Shore, Winter by John Henry Twachtman

Connecticut and American Impressionism

…urban life or modern marvels. At the turn of the 20th century, however, American cities and industries were expanding at dizzying rates, and a host of immigration, labor, and other…


Climax Fuse Company, 1899

Avon Industry: From Underground to Outerspace

The Climax Fuse Company manufactured safety fuse, a type of fuse consisting of a tube of gunpowder surrounded by a water-proofed and varnished jute rope. Invented by William Bickford in…


Video – Home Front: Connecticut During World War II – Migration and Housing

YouTube – CTHPrograms – Co-produced by Connecticut Public Television and Connecticut Humanities as part of the Connecticut Experience series on CPTV. This clip from Home Front: During World War II…


Ensign, Bickford & Company fuse factory campus, ca. late 1800s

The Steady Evolution of a Connecticut Family Business

By Dawn Byron Hutchins Joseph Toy, his wife, and their three children arrived in New York City from England on a mid-August day in 1839 on a mission for his…


Newspaper clipping from 1898

At the Sign of the Yellow Dragon: Hartford’s First Chinese Restaurants

By Nancy Finlay While most European immigrants to the United States landed on the East Coast and made their way west across the continent, Chinese immigrants primarily arrived on the…


An Orderly & Decent Government: Significant Events & Developments, 1819-1865

An artist’s nostalgic conception of Connecticut in the 1830s shows agriculture and shipping slipping away in the background, while westward migration and the beginnings of industry dominate the scene. Connecticut…


An Orderly & Decent Government: A Clash of Cultures, 1888-1905

In the last decades of the 19th century, Connecticut was transformed by a massive flood of immigrants fleeing the political and economic instability of Europe in search of a better…


Man sitting on a bench in front of a storefront

Jewish Farming Communities in Connecticut in the 19th and 20th Centuries

By Nancy Finlay Jews fleeing from anti-Semitic violence in Russia and Russian-occupied territories in Eastern Europe began arriving in the United States in large numbers in the late 19th century….


An Orderly & Decent Government: Significant Events & Developments, 1905-1929

The Election of 1912 Sales meeting of IBM employees, c. 1925 Presidential candidate Teddy Roosevelt displayed his flamboyant campaign style in a 1912 swing through Hartford. Roosevelt’s candidacy took votes…


Black sign in front of a house

Peter Prudden: Milford’s First Minister

By Emily Clark In the early 1600s, many Europeans left their homeland to seek religious freedom in America as part of the Puritan migration. Not only did a good number…


Eleven men standing on the deck of a ship

Africans in Search of the American Dream: Cape Verdean Whalers and Sealers

By Nancy Finlay The Cape Verde Islands—a group of volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean, 280 miles off the west coast of Africa—were uninhabited until the Portuguese discovered and colonized…


Postcard of Plant B, Pierson's Greenhouses, Cromwell

The Rose King of America Transformed Cromwell’s Landscape

Andrew N. Pierson was born Anders Nil Persson in Skane Lan, Sweden, in 1850. After arriving in the United States, Pierson established A.N. Pierson’s, Inc., a small floral nursery in…


Black and white photograph of a ship at port

They Also Served: Chinese, Southeast Asians, and Hawaiians in the American Civil War

By Nancy Finlay While oversimplified narratives about the American Civil War often reduce it to a simple conflict involving the binary classifications of Black and white, not all the participants…


Dark colored cornish hen standing in grass with leaves

Jacques and Therese Makowsky and the Development of the Cornish Game Hen

By Nancy Finlay Jacques Makowsky grew up in Czarist Russia, a few blocks from the Kremlin. His family ran a successful printing business with close ties to the Czarist government…


Brass City/Grass Roots: Bucks Hill: Waterbury’s Rural Holdout

This article is part of the digital exhibit Brass City/Grass Roots: The Persistence of Farming in Waterbury, Connecticut. Use the arrows at the bottom of the page to navigate to…


The Chinese Educational Mission Building in Hartford, 1887

Yung Wing’s Dream: The Chinese Educational Mission, 1872-1881

By Barbara Austen Yung Wing had a dream. He wanted Chinese youth to study American technology to improve China’s engineering and infrastructure. As a boy, he had attended Monson Academy…


The Middlesex Quarry, Portland

Portland Puts Its Stamp on an Architectural Era

The brownstone quarries in Portland, Connecticut, owe their existence to millions of years of prehistoric sediments accumulating in the Connecticut River. Quarried as far back as the 17th century, the…


Race Restrictive Covenants in Property Deeds

Race Restrictive Covenants in Property Deeds

By Mary Daly “No persons of any race except the white race shall use or occupy any building on any lot except that this covenant shall not prevent occupancy by…


L. B. Haas & Company address label, 1958

Cash Crop: L.B. Haas & Co. and the History of Tobacco in Connecticut

By Ben Gammell for Your Public Media Both small farms and large companies have shaped the history of tobacco production in Connecticut. Native Americans grew tobacco and passed their knowledge…


Video – Home Front: A State Divided as War Looms in Europe

YouTube – CTHPrograms   – Co-produced by Connecticut Public Television and Connecticut Humanities as part of the Connecticut Experience series on CPTV. This clip from Home Front: During World War…


The “Red Scare” in Connecticut

…fear of growing labor unrest helped fuel this massive crackdown. Backdrop to the Red Scare The new Espionage Act and strict immigration laws gave the government power to criminalize free…


Igor Sikorsky and the first successful helicopter built in America, Stratford

Igor Sikorsky and his Flying Machines

By Richard DeLuca Unlike the powered airplane, for which the Wright Brothers can be identified as the sole inventors, many people made contributions to the perfection of vertical flight between…




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