Categories: Architecture, Constitution of 1818, Historic Preservation, Politics and Government, The State
Map – Connecticut Landmarks of the Constitution
Connecticut Landmarks of the Constitution
Drawn by John O.C. McCrillis
Identifies the Constitution’s Primary Goals. This Map Locates:
IN ORDER TO FORM A MORE PERFECT UNION:
Custom Houses: Under the Constitution, states could no longer charge one another customs duties.
Only the federal government could collect customs on imports from abroad.
Post Offices: Early on, communications vital to a “more perfect union” depended heavily on a postal system linking Washington with the states. Elegant post offices built early in this century were familiar local symbols of the federal presence. Their architecture, chosen by Washington, favored classical and early modern styles. Some vacant post offices are threatened with demolition. However, listing on the National Register of Historic Places gives some protection to these federal properties:
And the scene of an early challenge to a “more perfect union”
THE HARTFORD CONVENTION during the War of 1812 brought together New England’s leaders to discuss protection against British attacks on coastal towns. Resenting what they thought was President Madison’s neglect of local needs, many delegates opposed the war. The convention’s final report of 1815 gave voice to sentiment for secession and states’ rights.
ESTABLISH JUSTICE , INSURE DOMESTIC TRANQUILITY
Courts: Of 3 US District Courts in Connecticut, 1 is housed in a building of architectural distinction, recently restored:
Homes of Chief Justices of the United States Supreme Court:
And a Federal Prison:
PROVIDE FOR THE COMMON DEFENSE
The Coast Guard Academy:
Lighthouses: The Coast Guard maintains 18 lighthouses along the state’s coast, including the following especially early ones:
Several early Lighthouses are now museums, including:
Armories: The President is commander-in-chief of all the Armed Forces, but he delegates to the states responsibility for a National Guard. Connecticut’s Guard has 26 active armories. Among them the following preserve forms modeled on fortresses and favored for armories in the last century and into the 1930s:
Many armories with towers, turrets, and battlements were scrapped once their original occupants vacated. However, some have been renovated for offices or apartments including the following built for a community militia company:
PROMOTE THE GENERAL WELFARE
The National Park Service: The Park Service Administers 61 Miles of Trail In Connecticut, and one historic site in Connecticut, and the state was home to its first director.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service:
The Veterans Administration:
Home of the First United States Commissioner for Education
Depression-Era Projects of the Federal Works Progress Administration in Connecticut State Parks: From 1933 to 1942, 30,000 workers in the Civilian Conservation Corps–“Roosevelt’s Tree Army”–built structures for recreation and maintenance in Connecticut state parks. They excelled in log construction, hand-forged iron fittings, and rough masonry work using boulders found on site. Among their work here, The National Register lists:
AND SECURE THE BLESSINGS OF LIBERTY TO OURSELVES AND OUR POSTERITY
Securing Constitutional rights And freedoms has led to some bitter struggles. Buildings that figured in the ongoing process of bringing the blessings of liberty to groups whose direct mention had been carefully avoided in writing the Constitution include:
“LANDMARK DECISIONS” IN US CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY
Buildings Associated With Cases That Went To The US Supreme Court And Changed The Interpretation of the Constitution
Researched and published by the Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation