The Fundamental Orders of 1639, the first written constitution in the American colonies, and the Charter of 1662 represent Connecticut’s earliest efforts to establish a representative form of government. Over the years, various political debates arose over such issues as slavery, temperance, religious influence on governance, women’s suffrage, and even where to locate the state capital. (Until 1875, Connecticut had one in Hartford and one in New Haven, with legislative meetings alternating between the two.) Notable figures include William A. Buckingham, one of only four Union governors to serve throughout the Civil War and remembered as Connecticut’s Lincoln for his anti-slavery stance, and Ella Grasso, the nation’s first elected woman governor.
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Yale Law School. “The Avalon Project: Charter of Connecticut - 1662,” 2016. Link.
Yale Law School. “The Avalon Project: Connecticut Resolutions on the Stamp Act- December 10, 1765,” 2016. Link.
Government Printing Office. “The Avalon Project: Fundamental Agreement, or Original Constitution of the Colony of New Haven, June 4, 1639.” Yale Law School, 2016. Link.
Collier, Christopher. All Politics Is Local: Family, Friends, and Provincial Interests in the Creation of the Constitution. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 2003.
Daugherty, James Henry, Philip Everett Curtiss, and Connecticut. General Assembly. House of Representatives. Committee on Public Information. An Outline of Government in Connecticut. Hartford, CT: Case, Lockwood & Brainard, 1944.
Den Ouden, Amy E. Beyond Conquest: Native Peoples and the Struggle for History in New England. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2005.
Sellers, Helen Earle. Connecticut Town Origins. Stonington, CT: Pequot Press, 1964.
Buckley, William E., and Charles E. Perry. Connecticut: The State and Its Government, Including the Text and an Analysis of the 1965 State Constitution. New York: Oxford Book Company, 1967.
Levenson, Rosaline, and University of Connecticut. Institute of Public Service. County Government in Connecticut, Its History and Demise: The Development, Decline, and Abolition of Connecticut’s 294-Year-Old County Governments and the Transfer of Their Functions, Property, and Employees to the State. Storrs, CT, 1966.
Connolly, Frank B. Local Government in Connecticut. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2013.
Collier, Christopher. Roger Sherman’s Connecticut; Yankee Politics and the American Revolution. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1971.
Jones, Mary Jeanne Anderson, and Connecticut. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. Hartford, CT: U.S. Constitution Bicentennial Commission of Connecticut, 1988.
Hoadly, Charles J. The Hiding of the Charter. Hartford, CT: Case, Lockwood & Brainard, 1900. Link.
Fraser, Bruce, and Connecticut Historical Commission. The Land of Steady Habits: A Brief History of Connecticut. Hartford, CT: Connecticut Historical Commission, 1988.
Nichols, Carole. Votes and More for Women: Suffrage and After in Connecticut. New York: Institute for Research in History: Haworth Press, 1983.