The city of New Haven is located in New Haven County in the southern part of the state along the Long Island Sound. The English Puritans who founded New Haven Colony in 1638 laid out the town according to a grid, known as the “Nine Square Plan,” that made accommodations for future growth. Arguably, this makes New Haven America’s first planned town. Incorporated as a city in 1784, early New Haven was a thriving port and mercantile center, as well as home to Yale College. In the 19th century, industry dominated. By the mid-1900s, after industrial decline had altered many cities, New Haven took the lead in federal urban renewal programs.
More on New Haven from the CT Digital ArchiveBrowse more interactive content on the CT Digital Archive website.
After slaves revolted and took control of the Amistad in 1839, Americans captured the ship off Long Island and imprisoned the slaves in New Haven. A US Supreme Court trial in which Roger Sherman Baldwin and John Quincy Adams defended the slaves, ultimately won them their freedom. …[more]
“Greater New Haven Labor History Association,” 2017. Link.
Government Printing Office. “The Avalon Project: Fundamental Agreement, or Original Constitution of the Colony of New Haven, June 4, 1639.” Yale Law School, 2016. Link.
Connecticut Freedom Trail. “Constance Baker Motley House,” 2017. Link.
“East Rock Park,” 2016. Link.
Fort-Nathan-Hale.org. “Fort Nathan Hale & Black Rock Fort,” 2016. Link.
Connecticut Freedom Trail. “Goffe Street School,” 2016. Link.
“Greater New Haven African American Historical Society,” 2016. Link
“Grove Street Cemetery,” 2016. Link.
Connecticut Freedom Trail. “Hannah Gray House,” 2016. Link.
New Haven Free Public Library. “Local History,” 2016. Link.
“New Haven Museum,” 2017. Link.
New Haven Museum. “Pardee-Morris House,” 2016. Link.
“The Jewish Historical Society of Greater New Haven,” 2016. Link.
New Haven Museum. “The Whitney Library,” 2016. Link.
Connecticut Freedom Trail. “Trowbridge Square Historic District,” 2016. Link.
Department of Energy & Environmental Protection. “West Rock Ridge State Park,” 2016. Link.
“Yale Peabody Museum,” 2016. Link.
“Yale University Art Gallery,” 2017. Link.
Wadsworth, James. “A Plan of the Town of New Haven with All the Buildings in 1748.” New Haven, CT: T. Kensett, 1806. University of Connecticut Libraries, Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC, Yale University Library, Map Collection. Link.
“Digitized Historic Newspaper - The Daily Morning Journal and Courier (1895-1907).” Library of Congress, Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers, 2017. Link.
Library of Congress, Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. “Digitized Historic Newspaper - The Morning Journal-Courier (1907-1908),” 2017. Link.
Yale University. “Digitized Historic Newspaper - Yale Daily News Historical Archive,” 2017. Link.
G. & D. Cook & Company. G. & D. Cook & Co’s Illustrated Catalogue of Carriages and Special Business Advertiser. New York: Baker & Godwin, 1860. Link.
Connecticut State Library Digital Collections. “New Haven - WPA Architectural Survey,” 2017. Link.
“New Haven Collection.” Connecticut Digital Archive, n.d. Link.
Healy & Bigelow. “Object - Kickapoo Indian Sagwa Renovator, ca. 1881-1906.” National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center, 2017. Link.
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center. “Object - Kolynos Skin Soap,” 2017. Link.
Fellows, Alvin J. Patent Number 79,965 - Tape Measure. 79,965. New Haven, CT, issued July 14, 1868. Link.
Connecticut State Library Digital Collections. “Photographs - Herbert Randall Survey of New Haven and Environs, 1880-1920 - Database,” 2017. Link.
O. H. Bailey & J.C. Hazen. “View of New Haven, Conn. 1879.” Bird’s-eye. Boston, MA: Bailey & Hazen, 1879. University of Connecticut Libraries, Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC. Link.
Benham’s New Haven City Directory and Annual Advertiser. Number Twenty-Four, 1863-4. 24. New Haven, CT: J.H. Benham, 1863. Link.
Rae, Douglas W. City: Urbanism and Its End. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003.
McCain, Diana. Connecticut Coast: A Town-by-Town Illustrated History. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press, 2009.
Macaluso, Laura A. Historic Treasures of New Haven: Celebrating 375 Years of the Elm City. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2013.
Rockey, J. History of New Haven County, Connecticut. Vol. 1. New York: W. W. Preston, 1892. Link.
Atwater, Edward. History of the Colony of New Haven to Its Absorption into Connecticut. New Haven: Edward E. Atwater, 1881. Link.
Lambert, Edward. History of the Colony of New Haven, Before and After the Union with Connecticut. Containing a Particular Description of the Towns Which Composed That Government, Viz., New Haven, Milford, Guilford, Branford, Stamford, & Southold, L.i. with a Notice of the Towns Which Have Been Set Off from “the Original Six.” New Haven, CT: Hitchcock & Stafford, 1838. Link.
Caplan, Colin. New Haven. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2006.
New Haven Colony Historical Society. New Haven: Reshaping the City 1900-1980. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2002.
Zeilinga de Boer, Jelle, and John Wareham. New Haven’s Sentinels: The Art and Science of East Rock and West Rock. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2013.
Hoadly, Charles. Records of the Colony and Plantation of New Haven, from 1638 to 1649 Transcribed and Edited in Accordance with a Resolution of the General Assembly of Connecticut, with Occasional Notes and an Appendix. Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company, 1857. Link.
Pagliuco, Christopher. The Great Escape of Edward Whalley and William Goffe: Smuggled Through Connecticut. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2012.
Caplan, Colin M. Westville: Tales from a Connecticut Hamlet. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2009.