Civil War and Reconstruction (1850–1877)
The mid-nineteenth century was a period of massive upheaval in America. The country’s battles over race, slavery, and state’s rights ultimately degenerated into Civil War. Among those making significant contributions to the Union victory in the war were General (and 42nd governor of Connecticut) Joseph Hawley, General J. K. F. Mansfield of Middletown, and Connecticut’s 29th (Colored) Volunteer Infantry (CVI). The years that followed witnessed the rapid expansion of railroads and other means of transportation in Connecticut, helping foster in a period of mass industrialization that drew residents off of their farms and into the cities, while also attracting diverse foreign populations to Connecticut in record numbers.
The most devastating hurricane in New England history. …[more]
The Connecticut State Capitol displays part of a tree with a cannonball lodged in it. While it is believed to be a remnant of the battle at Chickamauga Creek during the Civil War, evidence exists suggesting the artifact may have been fabricated for the purpose of commercial sale. …[more]
September 17, 1879 was a day of celebration in the City of Hartford when more than 100,000 people came to the city to celebrate Battle Flag Day with a grand parade and celebration of Connecticut’s Civil War veterans. …[more]
On September 12, 1983, an employee at the Wells Fargo depot in West Hartford, Connecticut, committed what was, at the time, the largest cash robbery in American history. …[more]
On September 12, 1873, the bell in the Episcopal Church... …[more]
On September 9, 1928, the American artist Sol LeWitt was... …[more]
On September 6, 1781, British forces overtook Fort Griswold and,... …[more]
The first Union general to die in the Civil War, this soldier from Eastford received national attention as mourners from Missouri to Connecticut gathered to pay tribute. …[more]
The Naugatuck school system today consists of 11 public schools... …[more]
On September 1, 1678, Joshua Hempsted was born in New... …[more]
This Italian-born businessman and New England theater magnate also helped the working poor in New Haven’s immigrant communities at the turn of the 20th century. …[more]
On August 29, 1854, Daniel Halladay a machinist, inventor, and... …[more]
The day was cool and 10,000 spectators crowded the stands at Charter Oak Park to see a come-from-behind victory as Alcryon left the other trotters in the dust. …[more]
Why tasty Crassostrea virginica deserves its honored title as state shellfish. …[more]
After slaves revolted and took control of the Amistad in 1839, Americans captured the ship off Long Island and imprisoned the slaves in New Haven. A US Supreme Court trial in which Roger Sherman Baldwin and John Quincy Adams defended the slaves, ultimately won them their freedom. …[more]
Founded in 1823, Trinity College has evolved alongside the city of Hartford for nearly 200 years. …[more]
More than just a wagon driver and Civil War veteran, Henry Copperthite built a pie empire that started in Connecticut. …[more]
Sunspots and volcanic eruptions led to cooler than normal temperatures in the summer of 1816. The cold weather decimated harvests and encouraged many residents to head West into the area of modern Ohio. …[more]
Toiling in dangerous conditions beneath the Connecticut River's surface for only $2.50 a day, African American workers dug the foundation for the Bulkeley Bridge. …[more]
The of exchange of words, thoughts, and ideas also lay behind some of the most monumental events that happened right here in Connecticut …[more]
Despite measures to ensure the safe operation of railroad trains traveling in opposite directions on single-track lines, things sometimes went wrong—with deadly results. …[more]
On August 13, 1913, workmen unearthed the skeleton of a... …[more]
…that Hurricanes Connie and Diane, which struck within days of... …[more]
How Greenwich faced the menace of two highly contagious and potentially deadly diseases: polio and Spanish Influenza. …[more]
Approximately 3 ½ miles off the coast of Guilford lies... …[more]
Central Connecticut State University. “150th Anniversary of the Civil War: Connecticut Town Regimental Histories,” 2017. Link.
National Park Service - Richmond National Battlefield Park. “29th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (Colored),” 2017. Link.
Connecticut. “Connecticut Men in the Civil War.” Connecticut Military Department, 2017. Link.
“The Connecticut 29th Colored Regiment CV Infantry, Inc.,” 2017. Link.
New Britain Industrial Museum. “The Stanley Works,” 2017. Link.
Connecticut Freedom Trail. “29th Colored Regiment Monument,” 2017. Link.
Connecticut Freedom Trail. “Charles Ethan Porter House,” 2017. Link.
“Connecticut Historical Society,” 2017. Link.
“Middlesex County Historical Society,” 2017. Link.
“New Britain Industrial Museum,” 2017. Link.
Connecticut State Library. “The Museum of Connecticut History,” 2017. Link.
“Waterbury Button Museum.” Mattatuck Museum, 2017. Link.
“Broadside: Company A 1st Regiment, Conn. Vol. Artillery: Soldiers’ Memorial,” 1863. Connecticut Historical Society. Link.
“Connecticut African American Soldiers in the Civil War, 1861-1865.” State of Connecticut - Historical Commission, 2000. Link.
Connecticut State Library Digital Collections. “Digitized Historic Newspapers - Connecticut Newspapers During the Civil War and Reconstruction (1850–1877),” 2017. Link.
“Document: Emancipation Proclamation,” 1863. National Archives - Our Documents. Link.
Connecticut Historical Society. “Kellogg Brothers Lithographs - Digital Collections,” 2017. Link.
Warner, Ezra J. Patent Number 19,063 - Can Opener. 19,063. Waterbury, CT, issued January 5, 1858. Link.
Lallement, Pierre. Patent Number 59,915 - Improvement in Velocipedes. US59915 A. New Haven, CT, issued November 20, 1866. Link.
Connecticut State Library. “Research Guide to Civil War Materials,” 2017. Link.
Spencer, J. Ronald, ed. A Connecticut Yankee in Lincoln’s Cabinet: Navy Secretary Gideon Welles Chronicles the Civil War. Hartford, CT: The Acorn Club, 2014.
Hill, Isaac. A Sketch of the 29th Regiment of Connecticut Colored Troops Giving a Full Account of Its Formation, of All the Battles Through Which It Passed, and Its Final Disbandment. New York, NY: Baker & Godwin Printers, 1881. Link.
Smith, Julia Evelina. Abby Smith and Her Cows: With a Report of the Law Case Decided Contrary to Law. Hartford, CT, 1877. Link.
Niven, John. Connecticut for the Union the Role of the State in the Civil War. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1965.
Warshauer, Matthew. Connecticut in the American Civil War: Slavery, Sacrifice, and Survival. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2011.
Mycek, Mary J., Marian K. O’Keefe, and Carolyn B. Ivanoff. Ebenezer D. Bassett (1833-1908). Derby, CT: Valley Historical Research Committee, 2008.
History of Battle-Flag Day, September 17, 1879. Hartford, CT: Lockwood & Merritt, 1880. Link.
Warshauer, Matthew. Inside Connecticut and the Civil War: Essays on One State’s Struggles. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2014.
Grant, Ellsworth S. “Joseph Hawley.” In The Miracle of Connecticut, edited by Oliver Ormerod Jensen. Hartford, CT: Connecticut Historical Society and Fenwick Productions, 1995.
Fiske, Samuel. Mr. Dunn Browne’s Experiences in the Army. Boston; New York: Nichols and Noyes, 1866. Link.
Newton, A. H. Out of the Briars: An Autobiography and Sketch of the Twenty-Ninth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers. Philadelphia, PA: A.M.E. Book Concern, 1910. Link.
Connecticut. Record of Service of Connecticut Men in the Army and Navy of the United States During the War of the Rebellion. Hartford, CT: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1889.
Soldiers’ Hospital. Rules and Regulations of the Soldiers’ Hospital at Fitch’s Soldiers’ Home, Noroton Heights, Connecticut. Hartford, CT: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1890.
Grant, Ellsworth S. The Colt Legacy: The Colt Armory in Hartford, 1855-1980. Providence, RI: Mowbray Company, 1982.
Eaton, William W., and Connecticut Democratic Party . State Central Committee. The Union, Past, Present, and Future a Speech Delivered at City Hall, Hartford, on Saturday Evening, March 3d, 1860. Hartford, CT: Connecticut Democratic Party, 1860. Link.
“Abraham Lincoln’s 1860 Visit To Hartford.” Hartford Courant. January 24, 2014, sec. Hartford Courant 250th Anniversary. Link.