New Haven Green - Greater New Haven Convention and Visitors Bureau
The city of New Haven is located in New Haven County in the southern part of the state along the Long Island Sound. The English Puritans who founded New Haven Colony in 1638 laid out the town according to a grid, known as the “Nine Square Plan,” that made accommodations for future growth. Arguably, this makes New Haven America’s first planned town. Incorporated as a city in 1784, early New Haven was a thriving port and mercantile center, as well as home to Yale College. In the 19th century, industry dominated. By the mid-1900s, after industrial decline had altered many cities, New Haven took the lead in federal urban renewal programs.
After slaves revolted and took control of the Amistad in 1839, Americans captured the ship off Long Island and imprisoned the slaves in New Haven. A US Supreme Court trial in which Roger Sherman Baldwin and John Quincy Adams defended the slaves, ultimately won them their freedom. …[more]
“Greater New Haven Labor History Association,” 2013. Link.
Government Printing Office. “The Avalon Project: Fundamental Agreement, or Original Constitution of the Colony of New Haven, June 4, 1639.” Yale Law School, 2008. Link.
Wadsworth, James. “A Plan of the Town of New Haven with All the Buildings in 1748.” New Haven, CT: T. Kensett, 1806. University of Connecticut Libraries, Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC, Yale University Library, Map Collection. Link.
G. & D. Cook & Company. G. & D. Cook & Co’s Illustrated Catalogue of Carriages and Special Business Advertiser. New York: Baker & Godwin, 1860. Link.
“New Haven - WPA Architectural Survey.” Connecticut State Library Digital Collections, 2015. Link.
Fellows, Alvin J. “Patent Number 79,965 - Tape Measure.” New Haven, CT, July 14, 1868. Link.
“Photographs - Herbert Randall Survey of New Haven and Environs, 1880-1920 - Database.” Connecticut State Library Digital Collections, 2013. Link.
O. H. Bailey & J.C. Hazen. “View of New Haven, Conn. 1879.” Bird’s-eye. Boston, MA: Bailey & Hazen, 1879. University of Connecticut Libraries, Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC. Link.
Benham’s New Haven City Directory and Annual Advertiser. Number Twenty-Four, 1863-4. 24. New Haven, CT: J.H. Benham, 1863. Link.
Rae, Douglas W. City: Urbanism and Its End. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003.
McCain, Diana. Connecticut Coast: A Town-by-Town Illustrated History. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press, 2009.
Macaluso, Laura A. Historic Treasures of New Haven: Celebrating 375 Years of the Elm City. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2013.
Rockey, J. History of New Haven County, Connecticut. Vol. 1. New York: W. W. Preston, 1892. Link.
Atwater, Edward. History of the Colony of New Haven to Its Absorption into Connecticut. New Haven: Edward E. Atwater, 1881. Link.
Lambert, Edward. History of the Colony of New Haven, Before and After the Union with Connecticut. Containing a Particular Description of the Towns Which Composed That Government, Viz., New Haven, Milford, Guilford, Branford, Stamford, & Southold, L.i. with a Notice of the Towns Which Have Been Set Off from “the Original Six.” New Haven, CT: Hitchcock & Stafford, 1838. Link.
Caplan, Colin. New Haven. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2006.
Zeilinga de Boer, Jelle, and John Wareham. New Haven’s Sentinels: The Art and Science of East Rock and West Rock. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2013.
New Haven Colony Historical Society. New Haven: Reshaping the City 1900-1980. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2002.
Hoadly, Charles. Records of the Colony and Plantation of New Haven, from 1638 to 1649 Transcribed and Edited in Accordance with a Resolution of the General Assembly of Connecticut, with Occasional Notes and an Appendix. Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company, 1857. Link.
Pagliuco, Christopher. The Great Escape of Edward Whalley and William Goffe: Smuggled Through Connecticut. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2012.
Caplan, Colin M. Westville: Tales from a Connecticut Hamlet. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2009.