World War I

Liberty Bond Day, Groton Iron Works, Noank
Liberty Bond Day, Groton Iron Works, Noank, 1918
- Mystic Seaport and Connecticut History Online

World War I (1917-1918)

When the US entered Europe’s Great War in 1917, Connecticut manufacturers provided the military with munitions, clothing, and other goods. From Manchester silk and Waterbury brass to Bridgeport’s Remington Arms, which produced 50% of the US Army’s small arms cartridges, the industrial ramp up—and curtailed immigration from Europe—produced labor shortages. African Americans migrating from the South sought to fill these jobs. Many found opportunity and settled, but they also encountered racial discrimination from whites and class prejudice within established black communities. In addition to the men and women who worked on the home front, roughly 63,000 state residents served in the US or Allied forces. Among those remembered today are flying ace Raoul Lufbery and Stubby, the canine mascot of the 102nd Infantry, 26th Yankee Division.

LEARN MORE

Websites

“Stubby the Military Dog.” Connecticut Military Department, 2012. Link.
“World War I Veterans Database.” Connecticut State Library, 2012. Link.

Documents

“World War I Era Publications and Propaganda.” Western Connecticut State University. Archives and Special Collections Library, 2012. Link.
“World War I Pamphlets and Bulletins, 1917-1918.” Western Connecticut State University. Archives and Special Collections Library, 2012. Link.

Books

Hamden. War Bureau. History of Hamden Men in the World War. New Haven, CT: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, 1919. Link.
Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, and Elizabeth C. Barney Buel. Report of War Work of the Daughters of the American Revolution in Connecticut During the Great World War, from August 15, 1914-November 11, 1918, with Supplemental Reports Since the Signing of the Armistice, to and Including June, 1919. Meriden, CT: Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, 1919. Link.
Service Records: Connecticut Men and Women in the Armed Forces of the United States During World War, 1917-1920. Vol. 3. Hartford, CT: Office of the Adjutant General, State Armory, 1941. Link.
Service Records: Connecticut Men and Women in the Armed Forces of the United States During World War, 1917-1920. Vol. 1. Hartford, CT: Office of the Adjutant General, State Armory, 1941. Link.
Service Records: Connecticut Men and Women in the Armed Forces of the United States During World War, 1917-1920. Vol. 2. Hartford, CT: Office of the Adjutant General, State Armory, 1941. Link.
Fraser, Bruce. Yankees at War: Social Mobilization on the Connecticut Homefront 1917-1918. New York, NY: Columbia University, 1976.
Sax, Margaret F., and Watkinson Library. Your Country Needs You! : Hartford’s Part in World War I. Hartford, CT: Watkinson Library, Trinity College, 1986.
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