The town of Canterbury, located in Windham County, is in the northeastern part of the state and straddles the Quinebaug River. First settled as a part of Plainfield in the late 1600s, it was officially separated and named Canterbury in 1703, becoming the state’s 38th town. Early industry included various small mills and farms. In 1831 Prudence Crandall opened a private school for girls but when she allowed—and then focused exclusively on—education for young African American women, informal and legal protests began. A mob attack forced the school’s closure in 1834. The house in which she taught was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1991 and serves as the Prudence Crandall Museum.
More on Canterbury from the CT Digital ArchiveBrowse more interactive content on the CT Digital Archive website.
“The Last Green Valley,” 2017. Link.
“Canterbury Historical Society,” 2016. Link.
State of Connecticut: Department of Economic & Community Development. “Prudence Crandall Museum,” 2017. Link.
Judson, Andrew. “Broadside: Barbarism: Who Are Now the Savages?,” 1833. Connecticut History Illustrated, Connecticut Historical Society. Link.
Connecticut State Library Digital Collections. “Canterbury - WPA Architectural Survey,” 2016. Link.
“Canterbury Collection.” Connecticut Digital Archive, n.d. Link.
Woodford, E. M. “Map of Windham County, Connecticut.” Philadelphia, PA: E.M. Woodford, 1856. University of Connecticut Libraries, Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC, Yale University Library, Map Collection. Link.
Thompson, F. C. “Photograph - Mast Hoop Shop, Carpenter & Edson, Canterbury,” ca 1880. Connecticut History Illustrated, Connecticut Historical Society. Link.
Lee, Stephen. “Windham County, Conn., Business Directory Containing the Names, Business and Location of All the Business Men in the County, Agricultural, Manufacturing, and Other Statistics, with a History of Each Town.” Windham County Transcript Office, 1861. Link.
Orlomoski, Amy. Canterbury: The First 300 Years. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2003.
Bayles, Richard, ed. History of Windham County, Connecticut. New York, NY: W. W. Preston & Company, 1889. Link.
Larned, Ellen. History of Windham County, Connecticut. 1600-1760. Vol. 1. Worcester, MA: Ellen Larned, 1874. Link.
Larned, Ellen. History of Windham County, Connecticut. 1760-1880. Vol. 2. Worcester, MA: Ellen Larned, 1874. Link.