Encampment site of Rochambeau's army, Bolton

Encampment site of Rochambeau’s army, Bolton

Bolton, in Tolland County, is located in the northeastern portion of Connecticut. Originally part of the town of Hartford, the area was referred to as Hartford Mountains or Hanover, until incorporation in October of 1720. The northern half of Bolton was set aside in 1808 to form the town of Vernon. Quarries played a significant role in the area’s developing economy and Bolton Notch became the location of the small community of Quarryville. Prior to the railroad, granite was taken by oxcart to the Connecticut River where it was the shipped to major cities on the East Coast.


Railroad tracks, Bolton Hill Cut, Bolton

Rock-Solid Industry in 19th-Century Bolton

Driving along Route 44 in Bolton, motorists travel through a narrow passageway of rocks, caves, and woods known as the Bolton Notch. …[more]

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Bolton Historical Society. “Colonial Carvers in Bolton’s Cemeteries,” 2012. Link.


“Bolton Historical Society,” 2012. Link.
Department of Energy & Environmental Protection. “Hop River State Park Trail,” 2017. Link.


Connecticut State Library Digital Collections. “Bolton - WPA Architectural Survey,” 2013. Link.
“Bolton Collection.” Connecticut Digital Archive, n.d. Link.


Alvord, Samuel. A Historical Sketch of Bolton, Connecticut: For the Bolton Bicentennial Celebration, September 4, 1920. Manchester,  CT: Herald Printing Company, 1920. Link.
De Pold, Hans. Bolton. Charleston,  SC: Arcadia, 2011.
De Pold, Hans. Bolton: Historic Tales. Charleston,  SC: History Press, 2008.
Commemorative Biographical Record of Tolland and Windham Counties, Connecticut: Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens and of Many of the Early Settled Families. Chicago, IL: J.H. Beers & Co., 1903. Link.
Connecticut Historical Commission, and Robert Selig. Rochambeau in Connecticut, Tracing His Journey: Historic and Architectural Survey. Hartford, CT: Connecticut Historical Commission, 1999.