The State Capitol, Hartford

The State Capitol, Hartford
– Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division

The city of Hartford, located in Hartford County and a part of central Connecticut, is the state’s capital and often goes by the nickname the Insurance Capital of the World. First settled in 1636 by Thomas Hooker, John Haynes, and a group of 100 followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, it is one of the oldest towns in the state. Over time, Hartford grew to be one of the most prosperous cities in the nation, and by the late-19th century, was the wealthiest city in the country. Today, Hartford is known for the Colt Manufacturing Company, the city’s ties to Mark Twain and the Stowe family, and for its critical role in the evolution of the state.


Chick Austin as the magician, The Great Osram, in 1944

Chick Austin Modernizes a Connecticut Institution

Arthur Everett “Chick” Austin Jr., director of the Wadsworth Atheneum from 1927 to 1944, put Hartford on the cultural map.  …[more]

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Housatonic Heritage. “African American Heritage Trail,” n.d. Link.
“First Company Governor’s Foot Guard,” 2016. Link.


Connecticut Freedom Trail. “Boce W. Barlow Jr. House,” 2016. Link.
“Bushnell Park,” 2017. Link.
CT Landmarks. “Butler-McCook House & Garden,” 2016. Link.
“Cedar Hill Cemetery,” 2016. Link.
“Connecticut State Capitol Tours,” 2017. Link.
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“Elizabeth Park,” 2016. Link.
“Harriet Beecher Stowe Center,” 2017. Link.
Hartford Public Library. “Hartford History Center,” 2016. Link
CT Landmarks. “Isham-Terry House,” 2016. Link.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Center. “Katharine Seymour Day House,” 2016. Link.
Connecticut Freedom Trail. “Marietta Canty House,” 2016. Link.
“Mark Twain House & Museum,” 2017. Link.
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art. “The Amistad Center for Art & Culture,” 2016. Link.
“The Ancient Burying Ground,” 2016. Link.
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“The Wadsworth Atheneum,” 2017. Link.


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Faude, Wilson. Hartford. Dover,  NH: Berwick Publishing, 1994.
Twitchell, Willis, ed. Hartford in History. A Series of Papers by Resident Authors. Hartford, CT: The Plimpton Manufacturing Company, 1907. Link.
Drury, David. Hartford in World War I. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2015.
Hartford Chamber of Commerce. Hartford, Conn., as a Manufacturing, Business and Commercial Center with Brief Sketches of Its History, Attractions, Leading Industries, and Institutions. Hartford: Hartford Board of Trade, 1889. Link.
Weaver, Glenn. Hartford, Connecticut’s Capital: An Illustrated History. Sun Valley, CA: American Historical Press, 2003.
Faude, Wilson. Lost Hartford. Charleston,  SC: Arcadia, 2000.
Boynton, Cynthia Wolfe. Remarkable Women of Hartford. Charleson, SC: The History Press, 2014.
Connecticut Historical Society, and Ellsworth Grant. The City of Hartford, 1784-1984: An Illustrated History. Hartford: Connecticut Historical Society, 1986.
Trumbull, J. Hammond, ed. The Memorial History of Hartford County, Connecticut, 1633-1884, County, Town and City. Vol. 1. Boston: Edward L. Osgood Publisher, 1886. Link.
Trumbull, J. Hammond, ed. The Memorial History of Hartford County, Connecticut, 1633-1884, Town Histories. Vol. 2. Boston, MA: Edward L. Osgood Publisher, 1886. Link.
Sterner, Daniel. Vanished Downtown Hartford. Charleston,  SC: The History Press, 2013.