Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930)
The arrival of the 20th century accompanied revolutionary change in America. The conclusion of a successful war with Spain brought controversial new territories such as Cuba and Puerto Rico under American control. The degree of autonomy granted these acquisitions played out in debates over legislation such as the Platt Amendment. Meanwhile, rapidly progressing technologies ushered in the era of the automobile and the airplane. Connecticut was the first state in the country to pass many of the laws regulating these new forms of transportation. Despite the devastation wrought by mankind’s first “world war,” it was an era of hope characterized by the granting of voting rights to women, the birth of Hollywood and acting legends such as William Gillette, and the heyday of amusements such as those found at Savin Rock, Lake Compounce, and Luna Park.
In 1796, Amelia Simmons authored American Cookery—believed to be the first cookbook authored by an American published in the United States. …[more]
Beatrice Fox Auerbach was pioneering retail executive who ran the G. Fox & Co. department store and numerous philanthropic benefiting people in Hartford and around the world. …[more]
Mean-spirited, repressed souls or persecuted refugees and rugged egalitarians? Connecticut's state historian sets the record straight. …[more]
On November 21, 1785, physician and physiologist William Beaumont, who... …[more]
On November 20, 1866, mechanic Pierre Lallement, a temporary resident of New Haven, Connecticut, received a patent for an improvement in velocipedes. …[more]
Hiram Bingham III was a distinguished scholar and public servant... …[more]
On November 18, 1820, Nathaniel Brown Palmer of Stonington, Connecticut,... …[more]
On November 17, 1917, the J.B. Williams Company of Glastonbury... …[more]
Charles Kaman, an inventor and aviation pioneer, managed to combine... …[more]
Lack of refrigeration and higher bacteria counts in tidal waters once made summer months a dangerous time to eat oysters. …[more]
His mobiles, stabiles, and constellations are featured in museum collections around the world. …[more]
The story of the Foreign Mission School connects the town... …[more]
In the immediate aftermath of World War II, Thomas Joseph... …[more]
On November 8, 1904, Harvey Hubbell II patented the first... …[more]
On November 6, 1960, forty-eight hours before the Presidential election, Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts addressed a street rally in New Haven. …[more]
Based in Orange, the 103rd Air Control Squadron of the... …[more]
Benjamin Hutchins Coe, born in Hartford, helped teach Americans how to draw through the publication of numerous art manuals, many of which focused on Connecticut-inspired landscapes. …[more]
Jack o’ lanterns, cider, masquerades, witches, and ghosts—many of the... …[more]
Overshadowed by the famed oak, Joseph Wadsworth, “the hero of the Charter,” has become the Rodney Dangerfield of Connecticut history—he doesn’t get any respect—or much recognition. …[more]
Tuberculosis was a leading cause of death in the early 20th century. Treatments for included everything from exposure to extremes in temperature to regimens involving access to the outdoors. …[more]
Wo to Drunkards – Increase Mather On October 27, 1841,... …[more]
Hartford-born William Gillette, known best for his portrayal of Sherlock Holmes in film and theater, was also a successful playwright. His 1886 Civil War drama, Held by the Enemy, earned accolades from British critics and audiences and helped change perceptions of American art forms overseas. …[more]
Roger Griswold was a lawyer, judge, and politician who spent... …[more]
On October 24, 1877, the Goodspeed Opera House on the... …[more]
A figurehead from the USS Hartford currently resides at the Connecticut State Capitol and serves as a reminder of the state's rich maritime heritage. …[more]
Benjamin Wright helped build transportation and canal systems in the... …[more]
From winged death's heads to weeping willows, gravestone carvings in Connecticut's historic cemeteries reflect changing attitudes toward mourning and memorialization. …[more]
Questions? We get a lot of them and some of... …[more]
Father and son George and Tracy Lewis not only founded... …[more]
In the summer of 1787, Connecticut delegate helped shape the drafting of the US Constitution through his proposal for a bicameral legislature. …[more]
Connecticut State Library. “Connecticut in World War I,” 2016. Link.
Connecticut State Library. “World War I Veterans Database,” 2016. Link.
Once Upon a Time in Old Lyme the Story of an American Art Colony. DVD. Old Lyme, CT: Florence Griswold Museum, 2007.
“Fairfield Museum and History Center,” 2016. Link.
“Florence Griswold Museum,” 2017. Link.
“Greenwich Historical Society,” 2017. Link.
Gunn Memorial Library & Museum. “Gunn Historical Museum,” 2017. Link.
Hartford Public Library. “Hartford History Center,” 2016. Link
“Mattatuck Museum,” 2017. Link.
“Naugatuck Historical Society,” 2016. Link.
“New Britain Industrial Museum,” 2017. Link.
“New England Air Museum,” 2016. Link.
Norwich Free Academy. “Slater Memorial Museum,” 2017. Link.
Connecticut State Library. “The Museum of Connecticut History,” 2017. Link.
“The Wadsworth Atheneum,” 2017. Link.
U.S. National Park Service. “Weir Farm National Historic Site,” 2016. Link.
“Weston Historical Society,” 2017. Link.
CRIS Radio. “Audio: World War I Archives, Diaries of World War I Servicemen from Connecticut, Charles F. Watrous - Audio Access for People Who Are Blind or Print-Challenged,” 2016. Link.
Library of Congress - Prints & Photographs Online Catalog. “Digital Collection - Lewis Hine Photographs,” 2016. Link.
Connecticut State Library. “Digital Collections: World War I,” 2016. Link.
Connecticut State Library. “Finding Aid to the Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association Inventory of Records,” 2016. Link.
“Guide to Digitized Newspaper Content - Play, Recreation, and Childhood in Progressive Era Connecticut.” Connecticut Digital Newspaper Project, 2016. Link.
Connecticut Digital Newspaper Project. “Guide to Digitized Newspaper Content - The American Labor Party Movement in Connecticut, 1918-1921,” 2016. Link.
“Guide to Digitized Newspaper Content: Free Speech & Seditious Speech in World War I Era Connecticut.” Connecticut State Library, Connecticut Digital Newspaper Project, 2016. Link.
Connecticut History Illustrated. “Images - Savin Rock, Connecticut,” 2016. Link.
US Department of State - Office of the Historian. “Milestones: 1899-1913; The United States, Cuba, and the Platt Amendment, 1901,” 2016. Link.
“Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Cuba Embodying the Provisions Defining Their Future Relations as Contained in the Act of Congress Approved March 2, 1901.” National Archives and Records Service, May 22, 1903. Link.
Thornton, Steve. A Shoeleather History of the Wobblies: Stories of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) in Connecticut. Boston, MA: Red Sun Press, 2013.
“An Act Regulating the Speed of Motor Vehicles.” In Public Acts Passed by the General Assembly of the State of Connecticut in the Year 1901. Hartford, CT: Belknap & Warfield, 1901. Link.
Albert E. Van Dusen. “Connecticut During World War I.” In Connecticut. New York, NY: Random House, 1964.
Connecticut State Highway Department, and Tercentenary Commission of Connecticut. Forty Years of Highway Development in Connecticut, 1895-1935. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1935.
Heming, Arthur Henry Howard. Miss Florence and the Artists of Old Lyme. Essex, CT: Pequot Press, 1971.
Greenfield, Briann. Out of the Attic: Inventing Antiques in Twentieth-Century New England. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2009.
Murray, Robert K. Red Scare: A Study in National Hysteria, 1919-1920. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1980.
Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, and Elizabeth C. Barney Buel. Report of War Work of the Daughters of the American Revolution in Connecticut During the Great World War, from August 15, 1914-November 11, 1918, with Supplemental Reports Since the Signing of the Armistice, to and Including June, 1919. Meriden, CT: Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, 1919. Link.
Reynolds, Edith. Savin Rock Amusement Park. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2006.
Arcari, Ralph D., and Hudson Birden. The 1918 Influenza Epidemic in Connecticut. Vol. 38. New Haven, CT: Association for the Study of Connecticut History, 1999.
Larkin, Susan G. The Cos Cob Art Colony: The Impressionists on the Connecticut Shore. New York; New Haven, CT: National Academy of Design; Yale University Press, 2001.
Pope, Albert. The Movement for Better Roads. Boston, MA: Pope Manufacturing Company, 1892. Link.
Nichols, Carole. Votes and More for Women: Suffrage and After in Connecticut. New York: Institute for Research in History: Haworth Press, 1983.
Fraser, Bruce. “Yankees at War: Social Mobilization on the Connecticut Homefront 1917-1918.” Columbia University, 1976.
“A New Flying Machine.” Scientific American 84 (June 1901): 357. Link.
Leukhardt, Bill. “Sgt. Stubby, The Canine World War I Hero from New Haven.” Hartford Courant. May 27, 2014, sec. Moments In History | Courant 250. Link.
Johnson, Charles. “The Negro Population of Hartford, Connecticut.” Department of Research and Investigations of the National Urban League, 1921. Link.
Leach, Gene. “The Scandalous Luna Park.” Connecticut Explored, Summer 2013. Link.