Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930)
The arrival of the 20th century accompanied revolutionary change in America. The conclusion of a successful war with Spain brought controversial new territories such as Cuba and Puerto Rico under American control. The degree of autonomy granted these acquisitions played out in debates over legislation such as the Platt Amendment. Meanwhile, rapidly progressing technologies ushered in the era of the automobile and the airplane. Connecticut was the first state in the country to pass many of the laws regulating these new forms of transportation. Despite the devastation wrought by mankind’s first “world war,” it was an era of hope characterized by the granting of voting rights to women, the birth of Hollywood and acting legends such as William Gillette, and the heyday of amusements such as those found at Savin Rock, Lake Compounce, and Luna Park.
More on Emergence of Modern America 1890-1930 from the CT Digital ArchiveBrowse more interactive content on the CT Digital Archive website.
Frank Duryea Drives the First Automobile in Connecticut
In 1893, Frank Duryea, along with his brother, built one of the first cars in the country to have an internal combustion engine. …[more]
Connecticut State Library. “Connecticut in World War I,” 2016. Link.
Connecticut State Library. “World War I Veterans Database,” 2016. Link.
Once Upon a Time in Old Lyme the Story of an American Art Colony. DVD. Old Lyme, CT: Florence Griswold Museum, 2007.
“Fairfield Museum and History Center,” 2016. Link.
“Florence Griswold Museum,” 2017. Link.
“Greenwich Historical Society,” 2017. Link.
Gunn Memorial Library & Museum. “Gunn Historical Museum,” 2017. Link.
Hartford Public Library. “Hartford History Center,” 2016. Link
“Mattatuck Museum,” 2017. Link.
“Naugatuck Historical Society,” 2016. Link.
“New Britain Industrial Museum,” 2017. Link.
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Norwich Free Academy. “Slater Memorial Museum,” 2017. Link.
Connecticut State Library. “The Museum of Connecticut History,” 2017. Link.
“The Wadsworth Atheneum,” 2017. Link.
U.S. National Park Service. “Weir Farm National Historic Site,” 2016. Link.
“Weston Historical Society,” 2017. Link.
CRIS Radio. “Audio: World War I Archives, Diaries of World War I Servicemen from Connecticut, Charles F. Watrous - Audio Access for People Who Are Blind or Print-Challenged,” 2016. Link.
Library of Congress - Prints & Photographs Online Catalog. “Digital Collection - Lewis Hine Photographs,” 2016. Link.
Connecticut State Library. “Digital Collections: World War I,” 2016.
Connecticut State Library. “Finding Aid to the Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association Inventory of Records,” 2016. Link.
“Guide to Digitized Newspaper Content - Play, Recreation, and Childhood in Progressive Era Connecticut.” Connecticut Digital Newspaper Project, 2016. Link.
Connecticut Digital Newspaper Project. “Guide to Digitized Newspaper Content - The American Labor Party Movement in Connecticut, 1918-1921,” 2016. Link.
“Guide to Digitized Newspaper Content: Free Speech & Seditious Speech in World War I Era Connecticut.” Connecticut State Library, Connecticut Digital Newspaper Project, 2016. Link.
Connecticut History Illustrated. “Images - Savin Rock, Connecticut,” 2016. Link.
US Department of State - Office of the Historian. “Milestones: 1899-1913; The United States, Cuba, and the Platt Amendment, 1901,” 2016. Link.
“Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Cuba Embodying the Provisions Defining Their Future Relations as Contained in the Act of Congress Approved March 2, 1901.” National Archives and Records Service, May 22, 1903. Link.
Thornton, Steve. A Shoeleather History of the Wobblies: Stories of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) in Connecticut. Boston, MA: Red Sun Press, 2013.
“An Act Regulating the Speed of Motor Vehicles.” In Public Acts Passed by the General Assembly of the State of Connecticut in the Year 1901. Hartford, CT: Belknap & Warfield, 1901. Link.
Albert E. Van Dusen. “Connecticut During World War I.” In Connecticut. New York, NY: Random House, 1964.
Connecticut State Highway Department, and Tercentenary Commission of Connecticut. Forty Years of Highway Development in Connecticut, 1895-1935. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1935.
Heming, Arthur Henry Howard. Miss Florence and the Artists of Old Lyme. Essex, CT: Pequot Press, 1971.
Greenfield, Briann. Out of the Attic: Inventing Antiques in Twentieth-Century New England. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2009.
Murray, Robert K. Red Scare: A Study in National Hysteria, 1919-1920. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1980.
Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, and Elizabeth C. Barney Buel. Report of War Work of the Daughters of the American Revolution in Connecticut During the Great World War, from August 15, 1914-November 11, 1918, with Supplemental Reports Since the Signing of the Armistice, to and Including June, 1919. Meriden, CT: Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, 1919. Link.
Reynolds, Edith. Savin Rock Amusement Park. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2006.
Arcari, Ralph D., and Hudson Birden. The 1918 Influenza Epidemic in Connecticut. Vol. 38. New Haven, CT: Association for the Study of Connecticut History, 1999.
Larkin, Susan G. The Cos Cob Art Colony: The Impressionists on the Connecticut Shore. New York; New Haven, CT: National Academy of Design; Yale University Press, 2001.
Pope, Albert. The Movement for Better Roads. Boston, MA: Pope Manufacturing Company, 1892. Link.
Nichols, Carole. Votes and More for Women: Suffrage and After in Connecticut. New York: Institute for Research in History: Haworth Press, 1983.
Fraser, Bruce. “Yankees at War: Social Mobilization on the Connecticut Homefront 1917-1918.” Columbia University, 1976.
“A New Flying Machine.” Scientific American 84 (June 1901): 357. Link.
Leukhardt, Bill. “Sgt. Stubby, The Canine World War I Hero from New Haven.” Hartford Courant, May 27, 2014, sec. Moments In History | Courant 250. Link.
Johnson, Charles. “The Negro Population of Hartford, Connecticut.” Department of Research and Investigations of the National Urban League, 1921. Link.
Leach, Gene. “The Scandalous Luna Park.” Connecticut Explored, Summer 2013. Link.