A Woman Ahead of Her Time: Mabel Osgood Wright

Bird Sanctuary. Postcard, ca. 1914. View of the main building at the Bird Sanctuary in Fairfield, Connecticut, established by Mabel Osgood Wright - Connecticut Historical Society

By Barbara Austen

Few professions were available to women in the second half of the 19th century and certainly not the medical profession. Although thwarted in her ambition to become a doctor, Mabel Osgood Wright made a name for herself as both a writer and a photographer.

Writer, Photographer, and Founder of Connecticut Audubon Society

Mabel Osgood was born in 1859 in New York City to Samuel and Ellen Osgood (she married Osborne Wright in 1884). Though her father encouraged her education, he drew the line at medical school. It was while enjoying the family home, Mosswood, in Fairfield, Connecticut, that Mabel honed her skills of observation and learned to appreciate nature. She shared that appreciation through her books, including The Friendship of Nature (1894), Birdcraft (1895), and Flowers and Ferns in their Haunts (1901).

She also believed that children in an increasingly urban society needed to learn about and appreciate nature, so she wrote educational stories for younger readers including Tommy-Anne and the Three Hearts (1896) and Wabeno the Magician (1899). She illustrated many of her books with her own photographs. Her writings also appeared in the magazine Bird-Lore, published by the Audubon Society.

Bird Sanctuary Museum. Postcard, ca. 1914. Even at its inception the Bird Sanctuary included a museum - Connecticut Historical Society

Bird Sanctuary Museum. Postcard, ca. 1914. Even at its inception the Bird Sanctuary included a museum – Connecticut Historical Society

Birdcraft Sanctuary

In addition to writing about nature, Mabel was actively involved in the early conservation movement. She founded the Connecticut Audubon Society in 1896 and sat on the advisory board of the National Commission. She also designed and constructed the Birdcraft Sanctuary at the Connecticut Audubon Society’s property in Fairfield in 1914.

Although Mabel was unable to practice medicine, she found her calling through writing, photography, and activism. Her legacy lives on today in her writings and in the sanctuary that she founded.

Barbara Austen is the Florence S. Marcy Crofut Archivist at the Connecticut Historical Society.

© Connecticut Public Broadcasting Network and Connecticut Historical Society. All rights reserved. This article originally appeared on Connecticut History | WNPR News

Note: ConnecticutHistory.org does not edit content originally published on another platform and therefore does not update any instances of outdated content or language.

Learn More


“Connecticut Audubon Society,” 2017. Link.


Connecticut Audubon Society. “Birdcraft Museum,” 2017. Link.


Wright, Mabel Osgood. Birdcraft, a Field Book of Two Hundred Song, Game, and Water Birds. New York; London: Macmillan & Co., 1895. Link.
Wright, Mabel Osgood. Flowers and Ferns in Their Haunts. New York, NY: The Macmillan Company, 1901. Link.
Wright, Mabel Osgood. The Friendship of Nature: A New England Chronicle of Birds and Flowers. New York, NY: The Macmillan Company, 1906. Link.
Hawes, Austin F. The Peoples State Forest: Typical of the Second Growth Forests of Connecticut. Hartford, CT: State of Connecticut, 1928. Link.
Wright, Mabel Osgood. Tommy-Anne and the Three Hearts. New York: Macmillan, 1896. Link.
Wright, Mabel Osgood. Wabeno the Magician: The Sequel to “Tommy-Anne and the Three Hearts.” New York; London: Macmillan Co. ; Macmillan & Co., 1899. Link.

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