Since the state’s earliest days, ingenious minds have advanced the boundaries of medicine, manufacturing, transportation, and other fields with their scientific and technological innovations. For example, David Bushnell developed the first functional submarine in the 1770s and dentist Horace Wells helped pioneer surgical anesthesia in the mid-1800s. More recently, Groton’s Electric Boat Company launched the world’s first nuclear-powered vessel, the USS Nautilus submarine, in 1954. Today, research teams at Yale University, the University of Connecticut, other educational centers, and corporate sites are working on advances in genetics, aerospace technology, sustainable energy, and disease prevention to name but a few areas.
More on Science from the CT Digital ArchiveBrowse more interactive content on the CT Digital Archive website.
Department of Energy & Environmental Protection. “Connecticut Endangered Species Maps - Database,” 2012. Link.
“Connecticut Museum of Mining and Mineral Science,” 2012. Link.
“Connecticut State Museum of Natural History,” 2016. Link.
Connecticut Science Center. “Invention Dimension,” 2012. Link.
“Yale Peabody Museum,” 2016. Link.
Ellsworth, Mary Ellen. A History of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1799-1999. New Haven: Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1999.
Burrow, Gerard N. A History of Yale’s School of Medicine Passing Torches to Others. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.
Prince, Cathryn J. A Professor, a President, and a Meteor: The Birth of American Science. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2011.
Hitchcock, Edward, Sherman Converse, Phinehas Allen, Arthur J Stansbury, Amos Doolittle, Mass.) Berkshire Medical Institution (Pittsfield, and Mass.) Lyceum of Natural History (Pittsfield. A Sketch of the Geology, Mineralogy and Topography of the Connecticut: With a Map and Drawings, and Occasional Botanical Notices. New Haven, CT: S. Converse, 1823. Link.
Kuslan, Louis I. Connecticut Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Era of the American Revolution. Hartford, CT: American Revolution Bicentennial Commission of Connecticut, 1978.
Zeilinga de Boer, Jelle. Stories in Stone How Geology Influenced Connecticut History and Culture. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2011.
Volpe, Rosemary. The Age of Reptiles: The Art and Science of Rudolph Zallinger’s Great Dinosaur Mural at Yale. New Haven, CT: Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, 2010.
Marsh, Othniel Charles. The Dinosaurs of North America. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1896. Link.
McCarren, Mark J., and Peabody Museum of Natural History. The Scientific Contributions of Othniel Charles Marsh: Birds, Bones, and Brontotheres. New Haven, CT: Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, 1993.