Advertisement for the Enfield Powder Company
Advertisement “Gun Powder Manufactured by the Enfield Powder Company, Enfield, Conn. Sold Here.” Wells’ Steam Press, 1850–1854 – Connecticut Historical Society and Connecticut History Illustrated

Enfield, in Hartford County, is located in north-central Connecticut and borders on Massachusetts, which named and incorporated the town in 1683. Following a boundary dispute settlement, Enfield became part of Connecticut in 1749. Notable industries of Enfield’s past include carpet making in its Thompsonville district and gunpowder manufacture in its Hazardville section. The Enfield Shakers, who produced goods for themselves and to trade, also contributed to the town’s economy; in the 19th century, their garden seeds sold throughout the US. An early enterprise that still remains in Enfield today is shade tobacco production.


Shaker advertisement to board horses, 1884

Enfield’s Shaker Legacy

Shaking Quakers settled in Enfield and created the packaged seed business.  …[more]



“Hazard Powder Company.” The Enfield Historical Society, 2016. Link.
“The Shaker Community.” The Enfield Historical Society, 2016. Link.
“Thompsonville Carpet Industry.” The Enfield Historical Society, 2016. Link.


“Martha A. Parsons House Museum.” Enfield Historical Socciety, 2017. Link.
“Old Town Hall Museum.” Enfield Historical Socciety, 2016. Link.
“Paul Robeson House.” Connecticut Freedom Trail, 2016. Link.
“The Enfield Historical Society,” 2016. Link.
“Wallup School Museum.” Enfield Historical Socciety, 2016. Link.


“Bird’s-Eye View of Thompsonville (Now Enfield), Connecticut.” Bird’s-eye. New York: Hughes & Bailey, 1908. University of Connecticut Libraries, Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC. Link.
Enfield Powder Company. “Broadside: Gun Powder Manufactured by the Enfield Powder Company, Enfield, Conn. Sold Here.” Wells’ Steam Press, ca. -1854 1850. Connecticut Historical Society, Connecticut History Illustrated. Link.
“Digitized Historic Newspaper - Thompsonville Press.” Connecticut State Library, 2016. Link.
“Enfield - WPA Architectural Survey.” Connecticut State Library Digital Collections, 2016. Link.
J.C. Dexter Photo Co. “Photograph: North Family Shakers, Enfield,” ca 1900. Connecticut History Online, Connecticut Historical Society. Link.
“The World War Veterans of Enfield: Being a Souvenir Program of the Reception and Celebration Held in Their Honor September 1, 1919.” Enfield, CT, September 1, 1919. Link.


Malley, James. Enfield, 1950-1980. Charleston,  SC: Arcadia, 2003.
Miller, Michael. Enfield, Connecticut. Charleston,  SC: Arcadia, 1998.
Enfield Historical Society, and Ruth Bridge. The Challenge of Change: Three Centuries of Enfield, Connecticut, History. Canaan,  NH: Enfield Historical Society, 1977.
Allen, Francis, ed. The History of Enfield, Connecticut. Lancaster,  PA: Wickersham Printing Company, 1900.
Enjoyed reading this? Share it with friends »

Copyright © Connecticut Humanities. Except where otherwise noted, the content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 3.0 License.

Privacy Policy  /  Contact Us  /  Support Connecticut Humanities