Avery Point Lighthouse, Groton – Photograph by User:Pi.1415926535 on Wikimedia Commons (CC-BY-SA 3.0)

The New London County town of Groton sits between the Thames and Mystic Rivers on the eastern end of the state’s shoreline. Europeans settled this Pequot land in 1650, and, in 1705, Groton separated from New London. The City of Groton, a distinct entity within the town of Groton, incorporated in 1903 and took its current name and governance in 1964. Throughout  Groton’s history, maritime industry has fueled the community’s growth—from whale and seal hunting in the 1800s to the 1954 launch of the USS Nautilus, the world’s first nuclear-powered submarine. Key attractions include Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park (a Revolutionary War site) and the Submarine Force Library & Museum.


John Warner Barber, Groton Monument and Fort Griswold

Blood on the Hill: The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781

Public passions were stirred by reports of a “massacre” at Fort Griswold and its particulars remain a topic of debate to this day. …[more]

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“Avery Point Lighthouse.” National Register of Historic Places, 2016. Link.
“Avery-Copp House,” 2016. Link.
“Bluff Point State Park.” Department of Energy & Environmental Protection, 2016. Link.
“Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park.” Department of Energy & Environmental Protection, 2016. Link.
“Groton Public Library - Local History Collection,” 2016. Link.
“Haley Farm State Park.” Department of Energy & Environmental Protection, 2012. Link.
“Jabez Smith House.” Town of Groton, 2016. Link.
“Mystic Museum of Art,” 2016. Link.
“Mystic River Historical Society,” 2016. Link.
“Noank Historical Society,” 2016. Link.
“Submarine Force Library & Museum,” 2016. Link.
“The Avery Memorial Association,” 2016. Link.


Bailey & Rathbone. “Bird’s-Eye View of the Robert Palmer & Son Ship Building and Marine Railway Company, Noank.” Bird’s-eye Map. Noank, CT: Bailey & Rathbone, ca 1904. Mystic Seaport. Link.
“Broadside: Notice. at a Meeting of the Board of Health of the Town of Groton, Held in Said Town on Saturday, the 21st Day of February, A.D. 1852.” Groton, Conn. Board of Health., 1852. Connecticut Historical Society. Link.
“Groton - WPA Architectural Survey.” Connecticut State Library Digital Collections, 2016. Link.
“Groton Public Library: Groton History Online.” Town of Groton, 2016. Link.
“Groton, CT Tax List 1775.” The Indian & Colonial Research Center, 2016. Link.
“Map: South Part of New London Co. Connecticut - Page 188 and 189 of Town and City Atlas of the State of Connecticut.” Boston, MA: D. H. Hurd & Co., 1893. University of Connecticut Libraries - Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC. Link.
Bailey, O.H. “View of Mystic River & Mystic Bridge, Conn. 1879.” Bird’s-eye. Boston: Bailey & Hazen, 1879. University of Connecticut Libraries - Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC. Link.


Greenhalgh, Kathleen. A History of West Mystic, 1600-1985. Groton,  CT: Groton Public Library and Information Center, 1986.
Marshall, Benjamin Tinkham, ed. A Modern History of New London County, Connecticut. Vol. 1. New York, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1922. Link.
McCain, Diana. Connecticut Coast: A Town-by-Town Illustrated History. Guilford,  CT: Globe Pequot Press, 2009.
Kimball, Carol. Groton. Charleston,  SC: Arcadia, 2004.
Kimball, Carol. Groton Revisited. Charleston,  SC: Arcadia, 2007.
Burgess, Charles. Historic Groton: Comprising Historic and Descriptive Sketches Pertaining to Groton Heights, Center Groton, Poquonnoc Bridge, Noank, Mystic and Old Mystic, Connecticut. Moosup, CT: Charles F. Burgess, 1909. Link.
Kimball, Carol. Remembering Groton: Tales from East of the Thames. Charleston,  SC: History Press, 2008.
The Story of the Twenty-First Regiment, Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, During the Civil War. 1861-1865. Middletown, CT: Stewart Printing Co., 1900. Link.