War and Defense

A toy factory is converted to manufacture parachute flares
A toy factory is converted to manufacture parachute flares, A. C. Gilbert Company, New Haven, 1942
- Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division

From the Pequot War of 1637, and its tragic consequences for indigenous peoples, to more recent armed conflicts overseas, Connecticut’s history is punctuated by the complex political, economic, and social entanglements of war. Not only did the state send troops to fight the most significant US wars of the past three centuries, it marshaled its manufacturing resources to provide supplies and weaponry critical to victory. This helped make the Revolutionary War, World War II, and other conflicts ongoing focal points for patriotic commemoration. And, while war has sometimes fueled technological innovation and economic growth, it has also brought great loss. Monuments across the state record the human toll exacted by war.

LEARN MORE

Websites

“Battlefields of the Pequot War.” Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center, 2012. Link.
“Civil War Monuments of Connecticut.” Connecticut Historical Society, 1996. Link.
“First Company Governor’s Foot Guard,” 2012. Link.
“World War I Veterans Database.” Connecticut State Library, 2012. Link.

Places

“Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park.” Department of Energy & Environmental Protection, 2012. Link.
“Fort Nathan Hale & Black Rock Fort,” 2011. Link.
“Fort Trumbull State Park.” Department of Energy & Environmental Protection, 2012. Link.
“Governor Jonathan Trumbull House.” Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, 2009. Link.
“Military Museum of Southern New England,” 2010. Link.
“New England Civil War Museum,” 2012. Link.
“The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route.” National Park Service, 2011. Link.
“Trumbull War Office.” The Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revoultion, 2010. Link.
“US Coast Guard Museum,” 2012. Link.
“Wadsworth Stable.” Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, 2012. Link.

Documents

Lyman, Daniel. “A Sketch of New London & Groton with the Attacks Made on Forts Trumbull & Griswold by the British Troops Under the Command of Brigr. Genl. Arnold, Sept. 6th. 1781,” 1781. Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division. Link.
Connecticut. “Connecticut Men in the Civil War.” Connecticut Military Department, 2002. Link.
“Fort-Griswold.” Faden Collection, 1781. University of Connecticut Libraries, Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC. Link.
Illustrated Catalogue Waterbury Button Co.: Military and All Metal Buttons: Army, Navy, Police, Fire Department, School and Livery. Waterbury, CT: Waterbury Button Company, 1900. Link.
“Newspapers of Connecticut - Civil War.” Connecticut State Library Digital Collections, 2011. Link.
“Research Guide to Civil War Materials.” Connecticut State Library, 2012. Link.
“Research Guide to War of 1812 Sources.” Connecticut State Library, 2012. Link.
“Research Guide to World War II Service Records.” Connecticut State Library, 2012. Link.

Books

Gardiner, Lion, and W. Dodge. A History of the Pequot War, Or, a Relation of the War Between the Powerful Nation of Pequot Indians, Once Inhabiting the Coast of New-England, Westerly from Near Narraganset Bay and the English Inhabitants, in the Year 1638. Cincinnati, OH: J. Harpel for W. Dodge, 1860. Link.
Connecticut. Adjutant-General’s Office. Catalogue of Connecticut Volunteer Organizations, with Additional Enlistments and Casualties to July 1, 1864. Hartford: Case,  Lockwood and Company, 1864. Link.
Hines, Blaikie. Civil War Volunteer Sons of Connecticut. Thomaston, ME: American Patriot Press, 2002.
Warshauer, Matthew. Connecticut in the American Civil War: Slavery, Sacrifice, and Survival. Middletown,  CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2011.
White, David Oliver. Connecticut’s Black Soldiers, 1775-1783. Chester, CT: Pequot Press, 1973.
Mandell, Daniel R. King Philip’s War: Colonial Expansion, Native Resistance, and the End of Indian Sovereignty. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.
Connecticut. Adjutant-General’s Office, and Henry Phelps Johnston. Record of Connecticut Men in the Military and Naval Service During the War of the Revolution, 1775-1783. Hartford, CT: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1889. Link.
Connecticut. Record of Service of Connecticut Men in the Army and Navy of the United States During the War of the Rebellion. Hartford,  CT: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1889.
Connecticut. Adjutant-General’s Office. Record of Service of Connecticut Men in the Army, Navy and Marine Corps of the United States in the Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection and China Relief Expedition from April 21, 1891, to July 4, 1904. Hartford, CT: Case, Lockwood and Brainard Company, 1919. Link.
Croffut, W. The Military and Civil History of Connecticut During the War of 1861-65. New York, NY: Ledyard Bill, 1868. Link.
Hewes, Amy, and Henriette Rose Walter. Women as Munition Makers, a Study of Conditions in Bridgeport, Connecticut. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation, 1917. Link.
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