Categories: Architecture, Bristol, Hartford, Historic Preservation, Women

Emily Holcombe Pioneered to Preserve Connecticut’s Colonial Past

Emily Holcombe presenting deeds of Gold Street to Mayor Miles B. Preston
Emily Holcombe presenting deeds of Gold Street to Mayor Miles B. Preston, Hartford - Connecticut Historical Society and Connecticut History Online

Emily Seymour Goodwin Holcombe was an activist and preservationist who took pride in the state’s history, particularly its colonial past. From the 1890s through the early 20th century, Holcombe organized numerous preservation efforts, including the restoration of Hartford’s Ancient Burying Ground and the preservation of Connecticut’s Old State House.

Born in Bristol in 1852, Holcombe spent her youth in Brooklyn Heights, New York, surrounded by numerous relocated Connecticut natives who came to New York in search of new opportunities. Her heart was never far from Connecticut, however, and she often spent her summers back in Bristol.

Holcombe’s Early Preservation Efforts

Western end of Gold Street before widening, Hartford

Western end of Gold Street before widening, Hartford – Connecticut Historical Society and Connecticut History Online

The preservation efforts she undertook as an adult stemmed from a popular cultural movement known as the Colonial Revival. The Colonial Revival was an American response to the rapid change brought on by industrialization in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It encouraged appreciation for what citizens of that age imagined were simpler times and sought to “Americanize” a rapidly diversifying population through exposure to a re-incarnation of the country’s moral and patriotic roots.

In 1892, Holcombe organized the Ruth Wyllys Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), serving as its regent until 1903. In 1896, the chapter voted to restore Hartford’s Ancient Burying Ground. Through the DAR, Holcombe managed to raise enough funds not only to preserve the cemetery but also to demolish some surrounding buildings and widen Gold Street, which ran past the graveyard.

20th-century Preservation Efforts

Holcombe’s preservation efforts moved into the 20th century when, in 1903, a descendant of Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth of Windsor donated his house to the DAR. Holcombe led the effort to equip the house with antique furniture. The following year, she helped create the Connecticut Building at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition.

More than just saving buildings, Holcombe concerned herself with shaping Connecticut’s identity. As part of this effort, she lobbied to change the state’s nickname from the Nutmeg State to the Constitution State. Her concern over the state’s image also led her to one of her most famous projects, the preservation of Connecticut’s Old State House. In 1909, with the building targeted for demolition to make way for a new business project, Holcombe helped save the Old State House by raising funds and arguing the importance of the building as an historic asset.

Emily Holcombe died in Hartford in 1923, soon after the restoration of the chambers in the Old State House reached its completion. Fittingly, by special vote of the Hartford City Council, she was laid to rest in the Ancient Burying Ground. Her contributions to the preservation of Connecticut’s cultural heritage, along with the strides she made in giving women a voice in the public sphere, also resulted in the state honoring her memory by naming the Old State House’s education center the Emily Seymour Goodwin Holcombe Center.

LEARN MORE

Places

“Connecticut’s Old State House,” 2012. Link.
“The Ancient Burying Ground,” 2008. Link.

Documents

“Catalog Record of the Letters to Emily Holcombe, 1899.” Connecticut Historical Society Library Catalog, 2013. Link.

Books

Connecticut, Louisiana Purchase Exposition Commission. Catalogue of the Furniture and Works of Art in the Connecticut State Building at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, Including a Sketch of Early Connecticut Colonial History. Hartford, CT: Connecticut Magazine Company, 1904. Link.
Daughters of the American Revolution. Ruth Wyllys Chapter, and Mrs. Emily S. Goodwin Holcombe. Restoration of the Ancient Burying-Ground of Hartford and the Widening of Gold Street; with Lists of Contributors to the General Fund and of Descendants Who Contributed for the Preservation of Family Monuments. Hartford, CT, 1904. Link.
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